Killeen, in Bell County, Texas, is a busy city approximately 70 miles north of Austin. The townsite was basically uninhabited until the Gulf, Colorado as well as Santa Fe Railroad laid its tracks via main Texas in 1882. The railroad business platted the community of Killeen on its right of way and also within a year, several stores, a watering hole, a railway depot, as well as an institution showed up on its streets. Homeowners of bordering districts transferred to Killeen to benefit from chances afforded the town as a railroad terminus. Killeen soon ended up being the center of regional agriculture, shipping cotton and also livestock to market from its railroad vehicles.
The town’s late 19th and very early 20th century buildings date from this duration of farming success. Development reduced to a halt throughout the Great Clinical depression of the 1930s yet activity returned to when neighboring Camp Hood was developed as a major training ground for U.S. soldiers throughout The second world war. Although the military kept the community’s economic situation to life in the mid-to-late 1940s, it made couple of contributions to the city’s structure supply and framework, probably due to the short-term nature of its period in the area. After the battle, the town’s future doubted, but when the Camp Hood was re-commissioned in 1950 as Ft Hood, an irreversible army blog post, individuals crowded to Killeen to supply items and also solutions for the growing facility.
Fort Hood’s long-term condition and growth directly influenced Killeen’s populace and also structure boom in the 1950s. The city’s population more than increased from concerning 1,300 in 1949 to 7,045 the list below year on the toughness of the base existence. Throughout that year, virtually 100 new industrial buildings went up in the city’s downtown core. Due in big part to the existence of Ft Hood in the postwar period, downtown Killeen has a multitude of industrial sources bearing contemporary architectural influences from that duration.
The Killeen Midtown Historic Area is loaded with a mix of late-19th/ early 20th-century industrial structures and postwar commercial structures in almost equal numbers. A few of the postwar structures display distinctly modern building functions. Though much of its structures have been altered to some level, the area is noteworthy for its concentration of historic-age sources standing for Killeen’s two most prominent durations of development and advancement. Due to the fact that the district has such an unique cluster of historic-age buildings and since its postwar style is significant for its Modern design and kind, it is chosen to the National Register of Historic Places under Standard A, Area Preparation and Advancement as well as Armed force, and also under Criterion C, Style, at the local level of importance. The area’s period of relevance is 1895-1964.